Strain Gauge Introduction

  • Manufactured by: Tokyo Measuring Instruments Lab.


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Product Description:

What is STRAIN

External force applied to an elastic material generates stress, which subsequently generates deformation of the material. At this time, the length L of the material extends to L+ΔL if applied force is a tensile force. The ratio of ΔL to L, that is ΔL/L, is called strain. (Precisely, this is called normal strain or longitudinal strain.) On the other hand, if compressive force is applied, the length L is reduced to L- ΔL. Strain at this time is (- ΔL)/L. Strain is usually represented as ε . Supposing the cross sectional area of the material to be A and the applied force to be P, stress σ will be P/A, since a stress is a force working on a definite cross sectional area. In a simple uniaxial stress field as illustrated below, strain ε is proportional to stress σ, thus an equation σ = E × ε is satisfied, provided that the stress σ does not exceed the elastic limit of the material. "E" in the equation is the elastic modulus (Young's modulus) of the material.

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Strain Principles

Technical Terms

Strain Gauge Bridge

Strain Gauge Coding System

Selection Chart